Discoloration of AISI 420 stainless steel in dependence of inter layer time during Laser-based Powder Bed Fusion
12th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies (LANE 2022)
Parts built by laser-based powder bed fusion (PBF-LB) experience intervals of heating and cooling during the powder deposition and the selective melting of successive layers. Short time intervals of cooling can lead to heat accumulation resulting in discoloration of AISI 420 (X20Cr13) stainless steel parts. Discoloration occurs due to the formation of oxide layers, which negatively affect the corrosion resistance. This process is determined by the time-dependent influence of temperature and oxygen. Therefore, this study investigates effects of varied inter layer time on mechanical PBF-LB part properties and surface characteristics to prevent discoloration. EDX is used to analyze the chemical composition with regard to the chromium content as an indicator of reduced corrosion resistance. The results emphasize the need for implementing an minimum inter layer time greater than 12 s to prevent discoloration during the PBF-LB process with a layer thickness of 20 µm and a volume energy density of 113.3 J/mm³.