Direction dependency in coaxial laser double wire Direct Energy Deposition
12th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies (LANE)
Coaxial Laser wire Direct Energy Deposition (L-DED) promises a direction-independent buildup due to a centric supply of the welding material. To fabricate Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs), a processing head was designed that is capable of supplying two wire materials into the processing zone. This study investigates the direction dependency of welding seams produced by two 1.4718 metal wires with a diameter of 0.8 mm in a coaxial laser setup using three separately controllable single laser beams with a maximum combined laser power of 660 W. The welding wires are supplied simultaneously to the laser spot under an incidence angle of 3.5° to the middle axis of the processing head. The seam geometry is investigated using a confocal laserscanning-microscope. A comparison of the height, width and macroscopic seam geometry reveals the influence of the welding direction on the seam geometry and quality in Laser Double wire Direct Energy Deposition (LD-DED).