Influence of an oxygen-free atmosphere on laser beam brazing of aluminium with prior surface deoxidation by pulsed laser radiation
12th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies (LANE)
Aluminium alloys, like AlMgSi1 and AlMg3, cannot be joined in industrial processes by laser beam brazing without the use of fluxes due to their resistant oxide layer. The aim of this study is to dispense with the use of flux. For the investigations, an oxygen-free atmosphere was created by using the highly reactive gas monosilane and thus achieving O2 partial pressures of 10−18 mbar. After removal of the oxides by a laser source with 1064 nm wavelength, pulse energies of max. 0.3 µJ and pulse durations of 45 ns, reoxidation is prevented by the oxygen-free atmosphere, so that brazing is carried out on an oxide-free material surface. The bead on plate seams show a materially bonded brazed joint in cross-section. Reference experiments without monosilane either show no wetting or an increased melting of base material. The influence of laser beam power for brazing, pulse energy for deoxidation and wire feed was investigated.