LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration
P. Booker
S. Hochheim
M. Steinke
F. Wellmann
P. Weßels
author list 1000+ members

Search for Subsolar-Mass Binaries in the First Half of Advanced LIGO's and Advanced Virgo's Third Observing Run

Physical Review Letters
Type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz (reviewed)
We report on a search for compact binary coalescences where at least one binary component has a mass between 0.2  M_⊙ and 1.0  M_⊙ in Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo data collected between 1 April 2019 1500 UTC and 1 October 2019 1500 UTC. We extend our previous analyses in two main ways: we include data from the Virgo detector and we allow for more unequal mass systems, with mass ratio q≥0.1. We do not report any gravitational-wave candidates. The most significant trigger has a false alarm rate of 0.14  yr{\^}-1. This implies an upper limit on the merger rate of subsolar binaries in the range [220-24200]  Gpc{\^}-3 yr{\^}-1, depending on the chirp mass of the binary. We use this upper limit to derive astrophysical constraints on two phenomenological models that could produce subsolar-mass compact objects. One is an isotropic distribution of equal-mass primordial black holes. Using this model, we find that the fraction of dark matter in primordial black holes in the mass range 0.2  M_⊙