M. Henkel
M. Siemens
R. Methling
B. Emde
J. Hermsdorf
S. Franke
D. Gonzalez

Laser-induced plasma formation in waterwith up to 400 mJ double-pulse LIBS

Plasma Science and Technology
Type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz (reviewed)
Double-pulse LIBS is a promising technique for deep-sea applications. LIBS measurements in shallow water with up to 400 mJ each pulse were done to select laser parameters which promote optimized spectral line emission from plasma even at elevated pressures, where line broadening until loss of most of the spectral information can occur. Optical emission spectroscopy, using a Czerny-Turner spectrometer, has been applied to investigate the dependence of the emitted radiation on laser parameters and hydrostatic pressure. It has been found, that higher laser pulse energies, especially with short pulse delay as required in high water pressure, can also have an adverse effect on the measured spectrum.