G. Pelegrina-Bonilla
K. Hausmann
H. Sayinc
U. Morgner
J. Neumann
D. Kracht

Analysis of the modal evolution in fused-type mode-selective fiber couplers

Opt. Express
Type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz (reviewed)
Fused-type mode-selective fiber couplers exciting the LP11 mode are fabricated by well-defined fiber cladding reduction, pretapering and fusion. At a wavelength of 905 nm 80 \% of the injected power in the single-mode fiber was transmitted in the few-mode fiber selectively exciting the LP11 mode. The coupling behavior was experimentally investigated for the case of strong as well as weak fusion. Numerical simulations based on the super-mode coupling approach were used to estimate fabrication parameters and to discuss the modal evolution in arbitrarily fused couplers. The influence of changes in the coupler geometry on the super-modes and their modal weighting are analyzed by calculations of the effective refractive index and by modal decomposition.