Lasers in Manufacturing (LiM)
Duplex steels are used in many application fields due to their outstanding performance in respect to strength, toughness and corrosion resistance. These properties result from a microstructure of delta ferrite and at least 30 \% of austenite. Hitherto, duplex steels are welded using multi-pass arc welding characterized by a low efficiency. Beam welding has not been successful due to the low ratio of austenite formed. Aim of this study is the development of a reliable and efficient laser beam-submerged arc hybrid welding process for duplex steel 1.4462 (t = 16 mm) with a high proportion of austenite using a disc laser beam source (PL = 16 kW). The influence of the process parameters on the stability of the process are investigated by cross-section, EDX analyses and microstructure analyses. As a result, a stable and efficient one-layer hybrid process was archived. Furthermore, a higher ratio of austenite compared to laser beam welded seams forms.