Influence of the laser position in laser-assisted WAAM process on weld bead shape and surface properties
12th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies (LANE)
The lateral use of the laser in laser-assisted WAAM processes, resulting in a directional dependence, can influence the bead shape and the bead surface. The influence of the laser position on the weld bead is investigated. Beads with different laser positions are applied and the height and width as well as the waviness of the beads are evaluated. In addition, claddings are welded and the waviness is measured. The waviness along the beads ranges from 8.77 to 34.66 µm, and no significant correlation with the welding direction could be determined. For the bead shape, the differences in height range from 3.54 to 3.90 mm and in width from 8.20 to 8.89 mm. Based on the results, a dependence on the laser position for surface properties and weld bead shape becomes clear.