Milestone in physics: gravitational waves detected with the laser system from LZH
02/12/2016

Figure 1: Installation of the LZH lasers in the LIGO cleanroom, Livingston (US). (Photo: LZH)

An international researcher team of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC), the Albert Einstein Institute (AEI) Hannover and many other institutions have proven Albert Einstein‘s theory of general relativity 100 years after its development: they succeeded in recording the merger of two black holes. The resulting gravitational wave was measured already in September 2015; yesterday, the evaluation of the data was published in the Physical Review Letters and presented to the world press.

For more than ten years, the AEI and the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) have put R&D efforts into the development of laser systems for the LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory) gravitational wave detectors. The lasers of the LIGO detectors were jointly manufactured and integrated into the US observatories as a ready-to-run system by the LZH, the AEI and the LZH spin-off company neoLASE. The gravitational wave detected now was recorded by the Enhance LIGO (eLIGO) model.

The Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) systems that were put into operation in the meantime have a five times higher output power compared to the previous lasers. Under these circumstances, chances to detect further gravitational waves are significantly higher. With this high-tech measurement instrument, a reliable basis was created for future research in gravitational physics in Hannover and worldwide.

More information about the latest developments:

AEI press release: Gravitational Waves Detected 100 Years After Einstein's Prediction
LIGO press release: Scientists to provide update on the search for gravitational waves

More information about the aLIGO project at the LZH:

LZH press release: Another High Power Laser for the “Wave Hunters” published April 4th, 2012

Press release for download: 

 

Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH)

As an independent, non-profit research institute, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) stands for innovative research, development and consulting. The LZH is supported by the Lower Saxony Ministry for Economics, Labour and Transport and is dedicated to the selfless promotion of applied research in the field of photonics and laser technology. Founded in 1986, over 170 employees are now working for the LZH.

The focus of the LZH lies on the fields of optical components and systems, optical production technologies, and biomedical photonics. Interdisciplinary cooperation between natural scientists and mechanical engineers makes innovative approaches to challenges from the most different areas possible: from the development of components for specific laser systems to process developments for the most diverse laser applications, for example for medical technology or lightweight construction in the automotive sector. Seventeen spin off companies have emerged from the LZH up to now. Thus, the LZH has created a strong transfer between fundamental science, application oriented research, and industry.